“God’s Purpose of Election” – [Commentary on Romans 9]

  All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version unless otherwise noted. (slightly updated)   Introduction Romans 9 is one of the central passages of the New Testament in understanding the doctrine of election. Paul’s discussion really begins in chapter 8, and more specifically, Romans 8:28-39. Those verses serve as an introduction to Read More …

Redemption of the Elect – [Romans 8:28-39]

  All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version (slightly updated).   Introduction Romans 8:28-39 serves as the introduction to Romans 9. Therefore, in order to understand chapter 9, we must understand this passage in Romans 8. The subject is the doctrine of election. Particular redemption (limited atonement) is seen all over this Read More …

The “Giving” and “Drawing” of Christ’s Sheep – [John 6:37,44-45]

All Scripture quotations are from the World English Bible (WEB).   Introduction John chapters 6 and 10 are key chapters in understanding the doctrine of election. Is election conditional or unconditional? Is it corporate or individual, or is it both? Did Christ die for certain elect, or did He die for every individual who comes Read More …

Christ Died for the Church – [His Elect Bride]

  All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version (slightly updated) unless otherwise noted.   Introduction For whom did Jesus actually die? Was it every person who enters the world? Or was it for a specific people? The extent of Christ’s atonement is much debated among Christians. Jesus either died for everyone, or Read More …

Who Are Christ’s Sheep? [John 10]

All Scripture quotations are from the World English Bible (WEB).   Introduction A key chapter in determining who Christ died for, and why one person believes in Christ and why another doesn’t, is John chapter 10, about Christ’s sheep. This is a chapter that many Christians use to argue for unconditional election and limited atonement Read More …